Edublog: Uncovering Wisdom through Pedagogy

#Open Classroom 9: Crafting Learning Goals

Lesson Focus

The lesson was on crafting of learning goals for a unit on “Singapore in the International System”. The unit’s learning goals were divided into two levels: Understanding Goals and Learning Goals for knowledge and skills. The underlying belief is the need for clarity of learning goals and for learning goals to be owned by students themselves.

Lesson Objectives

Students will understand:

  • the key content areas of the new unit and how it is structured;
  • the unit’s Understanding Goals (UGs) and why these are significant;
  • the Learning Goals (for knowledge and skills)


#Open Classroom 8: Differentiated Instruction & Inquiry-based Learning in a Mathematics Classroom

Topic/ UnitSecondary Two Pythagoras Theorem

Textbook:  Shing Lee – New Syllabus Mathematics 2 Textbook eBook

Lesson ObjectivesStudents will be able to:

  • Identify a right-angled triangle and its hypotenuse.
  • Define Pythagoras’ theorem.
  • Investigate and verify the Pythagoras’ theorem.
  • Apply Pythagoras’ theorem to solve problems. Find the unknown side of a right-angled triangle when other two sides are given.
  • Solve real-life problems involving right-angled triangles using Pythagoras’ Theorem.

Teaching Strategies include:

    • Differentiated instruction
    • Inquiry-based learning


#Open Classroom 7: Team Based Learning in a Mathematics Classroom

Topic/Unit: Secondary 2 Scales and Maps

Lesson Objectives:

Students will be able to:

  • Compute the actual length and area of a place given the scale and measurements on a map/model.
  • Compute the Representative Fraction (in the form) or scale of a map (in the form 1: n), given the measurements and actual length/area of a place.
  • Derive the area scale from the linear scale (and vice-versa).

Lesson Strategies:

  1. Flipped Classroom via Ace Learning
  2. Team Based learning via MCQ with scratch cards

* MCQ is crafted to bring out common mistakes in calculation of scales and maps as well as any misconceptions. (more…)

#Open Classroom 6: Learning Malay Proverbs


Peribahasa Melayu/Malay Proverbs

Lesson Objectives:

  1. Students will be able to deconstruct the literal and actual meaning of selected proverbs
  2. Students will be able to transfer the meanings of selected proverbs in their end-products

Lesson Overview:

This lesson is on learning Peribahasa Melayu/Malay Proverbs. In respective groupings, students are given list of proverbs to deconstruct the literal meaning (extrinsic meaning) and the actual meaning (intrinsic meaning). Kriteria Cemerlang/Success Criteria (Definition, Situation, and Rational) are demonstrated to students as guidelines for them to deconstruct the meanings (both extrinsic and intrinsic) of the listed proverbs.

In the same respective groupings, students are to present an end-product of their own interest (choices of comic strips/acting/animation) to reflect the meanings (both literal and actual) of one or two selected proverb(s). (more…)

#Open Classroom 5: Situational Writing in an English Language Classroom

Subject:                 Year 1 English Language

Unit:                       Situational Writing Unit

Topic:                     Managing Impressions (Tone & Register)


Lesson Objectives:

At the end of the lesson, students will be able to understand that a respectful and polite tone is conveyed in writing when:

  1. The author indicates that she has considered the perspective of the reader.
  2. The author presents the reader with a choice without demanding a certain course of action from the reader.


Understanding Discussions – Why Do We Use Them?

What exactly is a discussion? And why should it play a part in our classrooms? Simple questions that sometimes elicit responses that tend to put it down to something of an anomaly in our classroom experiences.

“Discussions? Nah, we are not like the humanities…it is not that simple in our field”, as if it was not a major slap in the face that certain disciplines rank higher because of perceived difficulty levels.

“It is just talk right? Anyone can do that right?” goes another. Another teacher of many years said when told of the response, “Yes, we just need to get some feedback from students, hence discussions are useful”.

I grimace in agony.

It is easy to put down discussion as just another technique, a strategy to bring in student engagement. Or worse, to fill time in a lesson. And to make matters worse, students feel the same way. “Why discuss? Let’s just get to the point”. Or, “Yes we will discuss, but we know that he will always summarise the key points for us and we are just waiting for the answers”. (more…)

#Open Classroom 4: Scientific Investigation & Reasoning using an Inquiry Approach in Biology

Unit/Topic: Gene Expression and Genetic Engineering/Bacterial Transformation

Lesson Objectives:

  1. To make observations of results.
  2. To create meaning from observations.
  3. To ask accurate questions.
  4. To develop a hypothesis.
  5. To design and perform an experiment to test the hypothesis.

Teaching Strategies:

  1. Wheel of scientific investigation and reasoning (based on Paul’s Wheel of Reasoning) using an inquiry approach
  2. Concept-based learning (through the use of planning board)



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